Pepper fruits can be eaten ripe or unripe (the ripe pepper fruits are rather sweet and less peppery than the unripe ones), they can also be used to prepare native medicines or as a spice for cooking.
Pepper fruit is rich in proteins, carbohydrates and fibers. It also contains good quantities of minerals like calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium, while iron, zinc, copper and cadmium are reportedly present in trace quantities. It is good source of vitamins like ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), thiamine (Vitamin B1), riboflavin (Vitamin G), and niacin (Vitamin B3).
1. May help prevent cancer
Pepper fruit contains anti-inflammatory substances like flavonoids which helps in reducing abnormal growth or cancer. Studies have found that Pepper fruit extracts hinders the growth of prostate cancer due to its anti-inflammatory effects.
Further studies suggests that Pepper fruit may help to lower the risk of breast cancers in women as result of the carotenoids present in this fruit.
2. Contains anti-viral properties
Pepper fruits are quite anti-viral making them useful against common viral infections like cold and its symptoms (sore throat, coughing, sneezing, nasal congestion, etc.).
3. Improves the Organs of the Body
Studies on pepper fruit extracts reveal that they help improve liver and kidney functions by fortifying them with vital nutrients.
4. Helps in Treating Gastrointestinal Diseases
Some of the nutrients contained in pepper fruit helps in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases like diarrhea, stomach upset, etc. The leaves, stem and roots of this plant can also be used to prepare herbal medicines for treating this diseases.
Possible Side Effects
It is advisable to avoid pepper fruits during pregnancy. Consumption of pepper fruits should be avoided or reduced during pregnancy. It is believed that excessive intake of Pepper fruit may cause the uterus to contract prematurely, posing the risk of miscarriage or premature births. If you are craving pepper fruit during pregnancy, please consult with your doctor.