Cancer is associated with damaged DNA. According to Healthline, inherited genetic mutations are linked to 5 to 10% of all cancers. Having one of these genetic mutations raises your chances of getting cancer, but it is not unavoidable.
It is not always possible to pinpoint the exact cause of cancer. Several factors may contribute to the onset of cancer. A cell’s mutation is passed down to every cell it produces.
Cancer cannot be completely avoided, but there are steps you can take to reduce your risk.
1. Do not use tobacco.
Cigars, cigarettes, pipes, and smokeless tobacco products are all included. Smoking is responsible for one out of every three cancer deaths in the United States.
2. Get routine cancer screenings.
Some screenings, such as Pap smears and colonoscopies, can detect abnormal cells before they become cancerous. Other screenings, such as a mammogram, can detect locally advanced cancer cells before they spread.
3. Consume alcohol in moderation.
Ethanol, which is present in alcoholic beverages, increases the risk of cancer over time. Alcohol consumption should be limited to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men.
4. Sun protection for your skin.
Cover your skin and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 to protect yourself from UV rays. Avoid spending time in the midday sun and refrain from using tanning beds or sun lamps.
5. Maintain a healthy, balanced diet.
Incorporate plenty of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains into your diet. Limit your intake of processed foods, sugars, red meat, and processed meats.
Cancer risk can be increased by a lack of physical activity. Per week, aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise.
Consult your doctor about vaccines that may help reduce your risk of developing certain cancers.
HPV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is passed from person to person through skin-to-skin contact. It has been linked to cervical, genital, and head and neck cancers. The HPV vaccine is recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for most people aged 9 to 26.
There is also a vaccine available for hepatitis B, a viral infection that increases the risk of developing liver cancer.